The Dead Sea clear and blue on my right, sandy peaks on my left, I wind my way through Jordan's rocky desert. The Kaaba. One of the world’s most visually stunning archaeological sites, Petra (meaning ‘the rock’ in Greek) is an abandoned necropolis of temples and tombs cut into … Nabataean temple of Al-Deir, ruins of Petra, Jordan ( Enlarge) Situated in present-day Jordan and hidden amidst nearly impenetrable mountains to the east of the valley connecting the Gulf of Aqaba and the Dead Sea, stands the ancient city of Petra. Petra was named one of the New Open World Corporation’s New Seven Wonders of the World in July of 2007. Votive figures like the sword-carrying one found in its southernmost passageway are common elsewhere in Petra, and may have been left by stonemasons asking deities to bless their work, or communicating their remorse at altering natural rock formations. [1], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}30°19′44″N 35°26′32″E / 30.3288°N 35.4423°E / 30.3288; 35.4423, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_Temple_(Petra)&oldid=996631668, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 19:41. The name is something of a misnomer, as the building was likely used as a temple by the Nabataeans. But whatever its original use, this mammoth monument is one of Petra's most impressive. [1][10] The interpretation of the "Great Temple" as an administrative center is arguably supported by several references to a boule or council in the extant papyri from the late 1st to early 2nd century CE Babatha archive. Your Jordan Petra Temple stock images are ready. [1] Walter Bachmann then surveyed Petra as a member of the Preservation branch of the German-Turkish army, and was the first scholar to identify the monument by its current name in his 1921 revision of the Petra city plan. Here, large limestone hexagonal pavers were positioned above an extensive water canalization system. and A.D. 106., Petra was a thriving trade center and the capital of the Nabataean empire. The "temple" proper lies immediately south of the Upper Temenos. Bab el Siq. It was originally known as Raqmu to its inhabitants and archeologists believe that the surrounding area had been inhabited since 7,000 B.C. Visitors to the expansive site meander through narrow passageways and hike up secluded trails to take in the spectacular rock-cut architecture and enigmatic monuments built during the time the city was … It was built on the model of th.. ‘Bab Al Siq’ is Arabic for gateway to the ‘siq’. Walking around the temple gives you great views of the Roman ruins and the modern city behind it. The complex was probably completed in the early first century CE, under the rule of Nabataean king Aretas IV, as suggested by architectural and sculptural details. The city was built on a terrace, pierced from east to west by the Wadi Musa (the Valley of Moses)—one of the places where, according to tradition, Moses struck a rock and water gushed forth. Petra is sometimes called the 'Lost City.. Nabataean Ptolemaic and Roman. At Petra, an elaborate processional way leads from the center of the city to the temple of Al Deir. It is one of the largest monuments in Petra, measuring 47m wide by 48.3m high. With its red-and-white-succeed exterior, the ` Great ` temple must have had a dramatic impact when set against its rose-red environment. Folio from a Qur'an. The so-called Great Temple at Petra is a grand monumental complex that lies south of the Colonnaded Street at Petra. The Temple was covered in colorful plaster and a system of channels carried water through the site. The cisterns feed into a subterranean canalization system, which runs the length of the temple and then joins the citywide water distribution system. The nearest town is that of Wadi Musa, which offers transport to the city as well as accommodation for travelers. The Great Temple, Petra, Jordan The Great Temple represents one of the major archaeological and architectural components of central Petra. Likewise dated to the second century, it acknowledges the emperor of the time by name and titulature, and was found in a western chamber of the temple. 76 CE. Just past Petra's central city ruins, a steep trail twists and turns up the hill leading you, finally, to the plateau where the Monastery sits. The Great Temple is a rectangular complex aligned on a northeast–southwest axis. The complex was probably completed in the early first century CE, under the rule of Nabataean king Aretas IV, as … This has led historians to suggest that the Al Deir temple … Petra is one of the new Seven Wonders of the World, and there is no doubt it deserves its place on the list. [2] Martha Sharp Joukowsky of Brown University initiated archaeological excavations in 1993 and her team's research has informed the bulk of scholarly interpretations.[3]. [6] Aniconic baetyls make it conceivable that the Nabataeans’ principal deity Dushara or his partner Al-'Uzzá could have been venerated in this structure. It is unclear whether the complex was a religious or administrative building, and – if it was indeed religious – how exactly it functioned or to what deity it was dedicated. It covers an area of ~7,560 m2. ft) and this comprised north south of Propylaea monumental entryway ( a lower temenos ) sacred area : twin exedra ( semi-circular structures ) flanked by broad stairways: and an upper temenos – the sacred enclosure for the temple itself. In the south of Jordan is the historical city of Petra. Copyright @2015 Petra Development And Tourism Region Authority , All Rights Reserved Powered By. Depending on how many Petra days you want, the pass costs 70 JOD / 98 USD, 75 JOD / 105 USD, and 80 JOD / 112 USD (1, 2, and 3 days). Petra. In front of the temple, you can see the remains of a hand and elbow that belonged to a … Temple in Little Petra, Siq al-Barid, Jordan. [4] The Propylaeum and street sit at ~8 m under the Lower Temenos, which itself is 6 m beneath the Upper Temenos and the bulk of the temple. [6], Water management also plays a significant role in the architecture of the "Great Temple," as two sizable cisterns of 59 m3 and 327 m3 (approximately 59,000 and 327,000 liters' capacity respectively) have been found. The style and quality of the Temple`s elaborate floral friezes and acanthus-laden limestone capitals suggest that the sanctuary was constructed by the end of the first century BCE by the Nabataean , who combined their native traditions with the classical spirit. These investigations are conducted under the auspices of the department of Antiquates of Jordan . As you arrive, you will see … Ancient nabataean temple Al Khazneh Treasury located at Rose city - Petra, Jordan. These channels may then have led to the Qasr al Bint and Wadi Siyagh.[3]. Petra Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple. The complex was probably completed in the early first century CE, under the rule of Nabataean king Aretas IV, as suggested by architectural and sculptural details.[1]. Petra, the 2,000-year-old capital city and trade emporium of the ancient Nabateans nestled amid the rugged mountain landscape of southern Jordan, is a marvel to behold. These investigations are conducted under the auspices of the department of Antiquates of Jordan. The temple itself was built with four frontal columns stuccoed in red, yellow, and white for stark contrast against the sandstone environment, and would hypothetically have stood at 20m. C. 400 B.C.E. The city was the principal city of ancient Nabataea and was famous above all for two things: its trade and its hydraulic engineering systems. … Though the city was founded relatively late, a sanctuary has existed there since very ancient times . The so-called Great Temple at Petra is a grand monumental complex that lies south of the Colonnaded Street at Petra. These were found near the Lower Temenos in 2000, with 328 fragmented elephant-head elements found in total. The Great Temple is one of the largest archeological sites in Petra, Jordan. Another find that upholds the option is a Roman Imperial inscription in Latin. It is unsure if it was actually used a temple, or perhaps … In the 1890s, the ruins were superficially explored by German archaeologists R. E. Brünnow and A. von Domaszewski. Today, Petra is also known as the Rose City because of the color of the stone from which it is carved. It covers an area of ~7,560 m . tall columns remain as well as the outline of the temple and the sanctum. The “Great” Temple Complex represents one of the major archaeological and architectural components of central Petra. The temple is tetrastyle in antis (four large frontal columns) with solid outer walls, typical of Nabataean architecture, as is seen on the Qasr El.BINT farther to the west. Brown University professor Martha Sharp Joukowsky is at present directing archaeological excavations of the Great Temple at Petra, Jordan. The scrolls were carbonized during the early 7th-century fire and are still being restored and deciphered. In front of the temple there is a massive, flat, courtyard, capable of accommodating thousands of people. Two exedra (semicircular recesses with benches) lie to the east and west of the monumental stairway that joins the Lower and Upper Temenos. Petra Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple. Since 1993 archaeologist from Brown University have been Excavating this temple precinct. The Treasury "Al-Khazneh" is definitely the icon of Petra. Breakfast then drive 2.5 Hours to the Rose Red City of Petra, Jordan’s largest attraction.First started in the 6 th century B.C. From the colonnaded street, one ascends about ~8 m up a flight of stairs that is about 17 m wide into the Propylaeum. [8], Other finds included lamps, coins, Roman glass, ceramic figurines and vessels, with multiple Corinthian acanthus capitals and floral friezes. In the lower temenos are triple colonnades on the east and west. in Length. – 100 C.E. The ` Great ` Temple was in use until some point in the late Byzantine Period. Joukowsky makes the argument that the temple proper is comparable to what Arthur Segal describes as "ritual theaters", whose defining characteristic is a view of a notable natural or man-made feature. The ` great `Temple measures 28 meters ( 84 ft) east –west, and is 40 meters ( 120 ft). Located amid rugged desert canyons and mountains in what is now the southwestern corner of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Petra was once a thriving trading center and the … Inside Petra, also known as the “Rose City”, is a labyrinth of archaeological wonders that has been around for over a thousand years. 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