Farmers in rural India can be divided into three categories, viz. The worker in the garment factory gets job when there is demand for work. The occupation of people in Urban areas is either at Industrial sector, business or government jobs. Overcrowding and environmental degradation make the urban poor particul City: A city is defined as a place where the main occupation of people is not agriculture. But there are also people who do office work with full job security. Jobs in private companies have more or less similar benefits as in government jobs. MCQ Questions for Class 6 Civics: Ch 9 Urban Livelihoods 26 Sept, 2020 MCQ Questions for Class 6 Civics: Ch 9 Urban Livelihoods. Some live and sell their … In India, they are the largest source of employment after agriculture and are found in both rural as well as urban areas. Officers make the top tier of government servants. There are many service providers in the city. People in urban areas earn their living in various ways. (i) - (d), (ii) - (c), (iii) - (b), (iv) - (a). The high house rent and cost of living takes away most of their earnings. Rural Livelihoods. As per convention, and eight-hour work day is normal in most of the countries. Urban people are engaged in non-agricultural work, i.e. For example, shopkeepers and businessmen. 5 th. They own a major portion of farmland in a village. Almost all the daily wage earners are migrants, i.e. 12 th. 8 th. Hair cutting, courier service, tuition classes, chartered accountancy, healthcare, etc. Some are doing the work of a cobbler while some are barbers busy with their work. Give examples. Another special feature is that there may be no permanent shop for them to carry out their occupation. Thus, the worker is not able to earn money during lean season. The sell surplus produces in the market. These workers are self- employed people. clerk and urban planner are occupations. • Livelihood activities demonstrate that rural and urban links are strong. They are able to save only a meager amount. • Non-farm income sources are over 50% in Asia and 30-50% in SSA (Depeasantisation?). 10 th. The regular and permanent workers attend the office or factory regularly. In a survey of Ahmedabad city it was found that 12 per cent of all the workers in the city were people working on the street. If the worker complains of working conditions, he may be asked to leave the job. Three peri-urban communities within 20 km radius from the city were purposively selected to represent peri-urban Kumasi. In towns and cities, it is easy to spot many people working in the streets. Livelihood options in the urban areas are often regular, skilled, highly specialized, organized, formal, flexible, industrial and economically more productive than those in the rural areas. big landlords, small farmers and landless farmers. The workers get salary on a regular basis. • Agriculture an important income source but rarely do rural households rely only on one ‘occupation’. His job is to stitch cloths. In a survey of ________ city, it was found that 12 percent of all the workers in the city were working on the street. Some of the private companies are quite big. Now learn Live with India's best teachers. But a vendor’s life can be very difficult. There can be an endless list of occupations in a city. Urban Livelihoods. A service provider does not sell any goods. Heritage Office & Dept of Urban Affairs & Planning 1996, Regional Histories of NSW, Sydney. People in urban areas are engaged in a variety of activities in order to earn their living. Population of some big cities can be in millions; like population of Delhi or Mumbai. A dentist falls in the category of ________ sector. During lean seasons, the worker may be jobless. People in urban areas are engaged in a variety of activities in order to earn their living. A number of people earn their livelihood by pulling a rickshaw. He works 12 hours every day. 11 th. Rural Urban Livelihoods drawn from crop cultivation, livestock, forestry or fishing (i.e. A large number of workforce works as casual worker in numerous private companies and in factories. One worker for the first 12 hours, another for the next 12 hours on the same machine. There are many levels in the government service. Broese, F 1998, Island Nation: Australia’s Maritime Heritage , Sydney. Many people work for privates companies. Urban Livelihoods / 79 Like Bachchu Manjhi a large number of people in the city work on the streets. Some shops are big, while some others are small. The occupation of people in Urban areas is either at Industrial sector, business or government jobs.... What Is The Meaning Of Urban Livelihood? In the 1963 Nigeria census, an urban area was simply defined as one with a ... persons or less whose occupations are mainly agrarian. How many percentages of people work on the streets of Ahmedabad? They work on their own. But casual workers do not get such facilities. Urban Occupations: The third direction of occupational mobility is toward urban occupations or rural-urban occupations. Most of these workers are self-employed and work on streets selling goods, repairing items or providing services. Working conditions in most of such factories is horrible. Thus, we see that with a growing population, job opportunities have also increased and people are availing these opportunities according to their talent and aptitude. Which authority issues licence to the permanent shops to do business? Primary (Agriculture, Mining, Forestry, Fishing, Cattle raising) Secondary (Textiles & Iron and steel industries, Minerals) Tertiary (Banking, Railways, Post office, Teaching) The five assets in sustainable livelihood are human capital , physical capital, social capital, financial capital and natural capital. They sometimes sell things or repair them or provide a service. Population wise, urban areas are densely populated, which is based on the urbanisation, i.e. There is space crunch, low lighting and poor ventilation in such factories. The selection was based on the co-existence of rural and urban livelihoods, proximity to Kumasi and the fact that these are places where multiple livelihood types are evolving in response to the effects of urbanisation. It has attracted a large number of young men and women. The transformation of raw materials into finished goods is called secondary occupations. Discuss. (i) Agriculture and mining are a few examples of, (iv) Certain parts of the city are banned for. 6 th. They go there in the hope of finding some work. So, a longer workday must be tiring for the worker. Type of urban livelihood . They don't have job security still they continue to do their work because they don't have other options. Occupations. Several urban people are engaged in factories where they work for long hours. The produce enough to take care of their family needs. According to a survey, 12% of all the workers in the city of Ahmedabad work on the streets. Care is also being taken to prevent conflicts between vendors and general public. Now-a-days, some big companies have also opened a chain of shops throughout the country. The number of daily wage earners is even higher. Additional occupations include urologist, U.S. A number of people earn their livelihood by pulling a rickshaw. This results in problems for pedestrians and vehicles. They either use a pushcart or spread their wares on the pavement. Their work is clearly identified. The working conditions of the workers in factories are as follow: They have to work in the day and night shifts on the machines. Types of Livelihoods 1] Urban Livelihood of Street Workers. What Is The Occupation Of People In Urban Livelihoods? Very few people in the city know each other but each worker works in a way that it makes the life of others somewhat easier. Many big farmers also carry out related businesses; like flour mill, shops for fertilizers and seeds. The population of a village can only be in thousands, while the population of a city is in hundred thousand. While it is difficult to explain each and every occupation in a city, some generalizations can be made. Some examples are those of vegetable vendors, ice-cream sellers, cobblers, rickshaw pullers, etc. they have come from far flung areas in search of job. The secondary occupation includes banking, transport, teaching, etc. Why is the government considering a relaxation of laws concerning street vendors? Who are self-employed people? Big Landlords:A very small number of farmers are big landlords. urban livelihood in street workers:-In towns and cities, it is easy to spot many people working in the streets. These showrooms are run by business persons. What are the benefits of regular and permanent workers? Next. Very few people in the city know each other but each worker works in a way that it makes the life of others somewhat easier. Vendors are also seen here and there selling household articles. However, agriculture, shifting cultivation in particular, continues to be a prominent means of livelihood for some of them. There can be an endless list of occupations in a city. Vendors also create a nuisance by blocking footpaths and roads. Urban options are mostly in the secondary (industrial and manufacturing) and tertiary (service and trade) sectors. The general literature on urban livelihoods, although limited in comparison to rural livelihood studies, ... Sharma, 2011) than to increase productivity. 2.2.1 Human Capital What are the duties performed by Sudha works as a Marketing Manager? This means that the worker is assured of retaining his/her job till the time of retirement. Vendors often have to wind up their shops when police asks them to do so. You will a variety of shops in cities; selling different kinds of items. 2.4 Urban Design Ideologies and the Evolving Nature of Public Spaces 12 2.41 The City Improvement and City Beautiful Movements 12 2.42 The Garden City Movement 12 2.43 The Myth of Architect as God Period 13 2.44 The New Urbanism Movement 15 2.5 The … Which among the following is a big city where more than a million people live? key for livelihood is access to natural capital) Access to land for housin g and building materials not generally a problem More distant from government as regulator and provider of services Access to infrastructure and services limited (largely because of distance, low density and limited capacity to pay?) Moreover, the worker does not get social security benefits; like pension, medical benefits or leave. These assets play an important role in survival strategies both in rural and urban livelihoods. This document is highly rated by Class 6 students and has been viewed 14106 times. The worker in the garment factory works on a sewing machine. People who have their own business are self-employed. National Urban Livelihoods Mission : Mission Document 1.5 Urban poverty being multi-dimensional, various vulnerabilities faced by the poor in cities and towns: occupational, residential and social need to be addressed simultaneously in a comprehensive and integrated manner with a targeted focus on the vulnerable groups so that a They may opt for some cleaning job or some digging job. In many cities, you will find a labour chowk. A city is a much bigger place than a village. Umpire, undercover agent, undertaker, underwriter, union organizer, U.P.S. unorganised sector occupations in urban areas can be divided into three groups: (i) self employed, (ii) regular worker, and (iii) casual labour. Some of the occupations in a city are as follows: People who work for the government are called government servants. Some are doing the work of a cobbler while some are barbers busy with their work. The orders and payments from the shopkeepers are given to the ________. The officers are assisted by a huge number of clerks. This is because the occupation is considered part of development policies for food security and poverty alleviation (Bavinck & Johnson, 2008; FAO, 2015). They are not employed by anyone get started Get ready for all-new Live Classes! Join courses with the best schedule and … Urban Occupations. These workers are self- employed people. 17. The SL framework is applicable to both rural and urban survival strategies. People who do not have a permanent shop are called vendors. In case of big shops, you will find many employees. ________ is a centralised office that deals with problems and questions that consumers/customers have regarding goods purchased and services like banking, ticket booking, etc. Casual workers can complain about their pay or working conditions. Some examples are those of vegetable vendors, ice-cream sellers, cobblers, rickshaw pullers, etc. They are either self-employed or work for someone. 7 th. The government is working on this issue. In case of a small shop, the owner and his family members do most of the tasks. In cities, a major part of the people is self-employed who run their own business and shops. They are independent to run their shows as they like. Permanent Workers Vs Casual Workers: People who work as permanent workers (either for the government or for private companies) usually get good salary and secure job. They also rent out their farm equipments; like tractors and threshers to other farmers. If they protest in respect of working conditions or wages, they are dismissed from the job. Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Choice Of Livelihood Activities Among Rural Dwellers In Southeast Nigeria 1 Ifeanyi-obi, C.C and 2 ... 5,000 persons is a rural area. They are not well-treated. Most of the people who do not have any skill have to work as daily wage earners. To understand this, let us take an example of a worker who works in a garment factory. They get a regular salary. Most of the businessman are Their job is not permanent. A city usually depends on villages for farm produce. What are the various ways of earning a livelihood in urban areas? Stories of Liverpool: 1788 – 1900 , exhibition label Liverpool Regional Museum. Everyone has the right to livelihood and so do the vendors. 9 th. In urban areas, showrooms of different items can be seen. They get regular salary and enjoy other benefits of job like savings for old age, holidays, medical facilities, etc. Jan 11, 2021 - Chapter Notes - Urban Livelihoods Class 6 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 6. the higher the urbanisation, the higher is the population. Peons, drivers, cooks, gardeners, etc. Working in Call Centres is a new form of employment in big cities. Unlike casual workers, they will not be asked to leave if the factory does not have much work. What works are they engaged in? They also get various other benefits; apart from the salary. Vendors are also seen here and there selling household articles. In urban areas, non-agricultural households are rapidly growing. The service providers offer different types of services to their customers. Most of the shops are owned by individuals. Most of them get paid according to the amount of work done by them. References & Definitions. Big farmer… They are willing to do any kind of work. This is the area where labourers converge early in the morning. Describe the working conditions of the workers in factories. They may load and unload a truck. Everyday experiences of street vendors in Mumbai, India The research on street vendors in Mumbai ((OBU-Research Paper-Informal Economy) had shown the opportunities of income generation and livelihood improvement of the urban poor through self-employment which is informal in nature. In our country main occupation of people is (a) Servicing (b) Manufacturing (c) Agriculture (d) Construction (c) Agriculture. IJSW, 71(3), 387–415, July 2010 A Comparative Study of Livelihood Strategies in Rural and Urban Assam 389 are examples of services. 4 occupations in the urban areas for livelihood Get the answers you need, now! Urban means city and livelihood means a set of economic activities and the means of securing basic necessities like food clothing and shelter.Therefore Urban livelihood means the ways in which the people in urban areas earn their livelihood.like some people work in offices,some work in shops and factories to earn their livelihood. Customize your course in 30 seconds Which class are you in? City: A city is defined as a place where the main occupation of people is not agriculture. Ensuring Rural and Urban Livelihoods The dispersed, unorganized and often household- based micro and small enterprises are capital-saving, labour-intensive, and environment-friendly tools of inclusion. The wages are very low. Several people also travel from rural to urban areas in search of work. They may help a mason at construction site. Urban - Livelihood & Community Development Millions of people in India exist in desperate poverty, without access to basic amenities like clean water, sanitation and adequate shelter. Most of the daily wage earners fail to find work on most of the days in a given year. Another special feature is that there may be no permanent shop for them to carry out their occupation. make the bottom level of government service. These people employ a number of workers as supervisors and helpers for their showrooms. So, many people protest at vendors occupying the roadsides. Coupe, S & Andrews, M 1992, Their Ghosts may be heard: Australia to 1900 , Longman Cheshire, Sydney. The government is trying to mark some areas especially for vendors. areas. Benefits of Government Job: The job in the government service is permanent. trade, commerce or service industry. In contrast, the primary occupation of rural people is agriculture and animal husbandry. By urban occupations I mean those for which a person commutes to the town daily and depends for income on the town only, e.g., the jobs of secretary or clerk, bus conductor, peon, and industrial worker. Some of them work for the Central Government, while some others work for the State Government. Contextualising Urban Livelihoods: Street Vending in India - Abhayraj Naik* The Politics of Occupying Public Space Unprecedentedly in the history of urban political expression, the Edinburgh City Council on 24th November, 2011 formally voted to recognise the Occupation of … 3. False. A city usually depends on villages for farm produce. Concerning employment, agriculture employment has declined largely due to … All the saving is sent back to their home to support their families. State Urban Livelihoods Mission - Bihar 7th Floor, Indira Bhawan,Ram Charitra Singh Path,Bailey Road (Near Pant Bhawan), Patna, Bihar - 800001 Email id: email@example.com Helpline Numbers Their income is dependent on the hard work they put in. The government is thinking about modifying the law that banned street vendors, so that they have a place to work and that there is also a free flow of traffic and people.
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